A worm can eat its own weight in food every day! Setting up a worm farm is a great way to reduce your food waste and nourish your garden.
What you'll need:
3 containers that nestle together - we suggest black plastic tubs (2 need holes drilled in the bases).
1 lid to fit the top container.
A box of worms (available at hardware stores and garden centres)
Old newspaper plus sawdust, hay/straw or aged compost or manure
Food scraps - see list at bottom of this article
When setting up a worm farm firstly consider where to put it. A cool, dry place is perfect, but not in the hot afternoon sun. Start with a solid based container (tray 1), and then you will add 2 additional containers with holes drilled in the bases so the worms can travel up through the layers. Look for a base that has a tap at the bottom so you can collect the liquid that drains down from the top in a bottle. This liquid is commonly known as “worm tea” and is a fabulous fertiliser for your garden when diluted 1:10 with water.
Set up the 2nd bottom tray (tray 2), or bedding area, with a layer of moistened newspaper then spread your bedding material (sawdust, straw/hay, aged compost or aged cow/horse manure), add worms on top. You can buy worms from most hardware stores and garden centres.
Start by feeding your worms just a little food while they get settled into the bedding material, then add enough newspaper or hessian over the top to keep them moist. Always make sure this material is kept moist. They will start to feed and after about two weeks you can add the third container on top (tray 3). You can now add all your scraps to the top container.
When the worms have turned tray 2 into worm castings (compost), you can empty the castings out onto your garden and move tray 3 to the middle and add the empty tray 2 to the top and now use the empty tray for food scraps. Continue to rotate the top two trays as they turn to compost.
What to feed your worms:
DO feed your worms: moistened cardboard/newspaper, food scraps, crunched up egg shells, coffee grindings and tea leaves and most kitchen scraps.
DO NOT feed: citrus or onion as worms don't like the acidity. And avoid meat as this may attract rodents.
Thank you to Living Fundraisers for sharing this activity.